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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2583\margr4242\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2583\margrsxn4242\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li758\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx5218 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 POLITICAL DIVISIONS AND EVENTS{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-13 47}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi103\ri22\sb226\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 great patron of men of letters. Earlier than the \expndtw-2 rahmadattas, K!a\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 i was ruled by a family that traced its \expndtw10 escent from Pururavas, the great ancestor of the \expndtw-11 jaaratas.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri22\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 k^Ko^ala\super 1\nosupersub  was another eastern kingdom, which \expndtw3 )ughly corresponded to Oudh., It was under the do-\expndtw2 lination of the house pf Iksvaku. For long, it remained \expndtw0 le eastern limit of Aryan civilisation until the Sadanira \expndtw8 3-andak) was crossed. The earliest capital of the \expndtw2 ingdom was Ayodhya, which was the seat of the epic \expndtw9 ero, Rama, too.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li5\fi298\ri24\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Other   contemporary  powers,   mentioned  in  the \i\charscalex93\expndtw5 rahmanas \i0 and the \i Upanisads, \i0 were :}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi149\ri2\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Gandhara extending on both sides of the Indus with axila (Rawalpindi district) and Puskaravati (modern harsadda, Peshawar) as its principal towns; the Kekaya \expndtw7 irritory lying between Gandhara and the Beas river; \expndtw5 le Madras, whose country in Central Punjab cor-. \expndtw8 ^sporifled to modern Sialkot and adjacent districts; \expndtw3 le Matsya kingdom comprising parts or Alwar, Jaipur \expndtw8 tid Bharatpur; and the land of the USInaras situated \expndtw7 i Madhyade^a. These states were generally prospe-\scaps\expndtw5 dus \scaps0 and well-governed, and the people were left free \scaps\expndtw11 d \scaps0 pursue the arts of peace. At the same time, too mch stress should not be laid on such a vain boast \expndtw5 s that of ASvapati Kekaya, who, according to the \i\expndtw-4 ~*,handogya Upanisad, \i0 claims that he had cleared his \expndtw9 ingdom of all thieves, drunkards, debauches and \expndtw3 literate men.\super 2\nosupersub  Magadha and Anga were still regarded \expndtw1 dth aversion. For in a text of the \i A.tharvaveda \i0 fever \expndtw14 wished away to the peoples of these lands.' The}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi204\ri0\sb180\sa0\sl-199\slmult0\tx319 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw3 Jala Jatukamya is represented in a late passage as  the \i Pttro-\line \expndtw4 ta \i0 of the Videhas, Kasls, and KoSalas.   Does this show that the\line \expndtw6 .ree kingdoms were once allied together?}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li211\fi0\ri0\sb5\sa0\sl-230\slmult0\tx319 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw-5 c\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0  ?r ^ \i ^ft\\ \i0 SFPT^\super 1\nosupersub  *T 3vOT? *T WT:}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li3058\fi334\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-230\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex68\expndtw12\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 f: is \i\charscalex90\expndtw3 (Chandogya Upanisad, \i0 v, n).}\par }